Being tall, ie measuring 1.80 m or more, increases the risk of suffering from a hundred health problems.
- An adult’s height can impact more than 100 clinical characteristics.
- Tall patients had a lower risk of coronary heart disease, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
“Height has been associated with numerous clinical traits, but it remains unclear whether these associations are causal or secondary to confounding factors,” said an international group of researchers. To find out for sure, they decided to carry out a study, the results of which were published in the journal Plos Genetics June 2. As part of their work, the scientists eliminated confounding factors that influence height, such as nutrition and socioeconomic status, by separately examining associations between various diseases and a person’s height and links to its height based on its genetics.
To carry out their study, the team analyzed the genetic and medical data of more than 280,000 adults, from the VA Million Veteran program. “We estimated height-related genetic risk based on 3,290 height-associated genetic variants from a recent genome scan. Of approximately 345 measured height-related traits, we found 127 height-associated traits. genetically predicted in white patients”can we read in the research.
“Height may be an unrecognized risk factor for several common conditions in adults”
According to the results, tall people, i.e. 1.80 m or more, were more likely to develop atrial fibrillation (irregular heartbeats) and varicose veins than shorter patients. The researchers also found new associations between tall stature and a higher risk of nerve and peripheral nerve damage, skin and bone infections, such as leg and foot ulcers.
“We conclude that height may be an unrecognized but biologically plausible risk factor for several common pathologies in adults”, the scientists said. But they added that further studies, including a larger and more diverse international population, need to be conducted to clarify some of these associations.