The European Commission should soon propose mandatory charging station quotas for each Member State. The goal is to accelerate the deployment of infrastructure and thus the adoption of electric cars, in order to achieve its greenhouse gas reduction objectives.
Last July, the European Commission presented its action plan aimed at achieving carbon neutrality by 2050. This includes numerous measures related to transport and in particular to the automobile, including the ban on the sale of thermal vehicles new in the Union in 2035. These proposals still need to be debated with a view to their possible adoption by the Member States. And to these the Commission intends to add one: the introduction of a quota of public charging stations for each country concerned.
Quotas to speed up the establishment of the network
The draft European regulation currently provides for “ ensure the minimum infrastructure to support the growth of alternative fuel vehicles (including electricity, editor’s note) required across all modes of transport in all Member States to meet EU climate targets “. In particular, it plans to equip the main European roads making up the TEN-T network witha fast charging station every 60 km, i.e. 3.5 to 4 million devices, by 2030. But some states are advocating for less ambitious objectives, such as increasing the distance between two charging points or reducing the power of these according to ACEA (Association of European Automobile Manufacturers).
Even in more proactive countries, the deployment of the infrastructure network is far from being as rapid as the restrictions affecting internal combustion engines and the electrification of manufacturers’ ranges. In France, just over 50% of the “100,000 terminals” target set for the end of 2021 has been achieved. Hence the idea of quotas which would oblige Governments to hurry up on pain of sanctions.
A strongly supported principle
The principle of the establishment of these quotas already has the support of the NGO Transport & Environment and the lobby of European manufacturers, two entities however not very quick to agree generally. But now that manufacturers have thrown themselves headlong into the development of the electric car, spending billions of euros so as not to be outpaced when the European project becomes law, they have to sell these vehicles to customers for whom access to recharging remains restrictive. Several brands plan to become 100% electric on the Old Continent by the end of this decade. “ The EU car industry is ready to build all these electric or hydrogen cars, but under AFIR (European regulations on infrastructure related to alternative fuels, Editor’s note) some 7 million charging points will need to be deployed to meet the CO targets2 car industry envisaged by the Commission says Petr Dolejsi, director of ACEA’s mobility and sustainable transport division.
And Julia Poliscanova, senior director in charge of electric mobility at Transport & Environment, recalls that the previous European text on the subject, entitled AFID, was not binding on the States. ” We must preserve the mandatory nature of infrastructure targets “, she insists. It remains to know the position of the Governments on this subject. Nothing has yet filtered regarding the number of terminals that would be imposed on each state. The European Commission could formalize its quota project in the coming weeks.
Sources : European Commission, ACEA, Transport & Environment, Mobileese